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Sex hormones : modulators of interhemispheric inhibition in the human brain.

Weis, S. and Hausmann, M. (2010) 'Sex hormones : modulators of interhemispheric inhibition in the human brain.', Neuroscientist., 16 (2). pp. 132-138.

Abstract

Functional cerebral asymmetries (FCAs), which constitute a basic principle of human brain organization, are supposedly generated by interhemispheric inhibition of the dominant on the nondominant hemisphere. It has repeatedly been shown that FCAs are sex specific: While they are relatively stable in men, they change during the menstrual cycle in women, indicating that sex hormones might play an important role in modulating functional brain organization and brain asymmetries in particular. Modern brain imaging techniques like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allow for the noninvasive study of the mechanisms underlying changing FCAs. Imaging data show that in women the inhibitory influence of the dominant on the nondominant hemisphere is reduced with rising levels of sex hormones in the course of the menstrual cycle. Apart from modulating interhemispheric inhibition, sex hormones also seem to change functional organization within hemispheres. These results reveal a powerful neuromodulatory action of sex hormones on the dynamics of functional brain organization in the female brain. They may further contribute to the ongoing discussion of sex differences in brain function in that they help explain the dynamic part of functional brain organization in which the female differs from the male brain.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Functional cerebral asymmetries, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Menstrual cycle, Sex differences, Interhemispheric inhibition, Connectivity.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073858409341481
Record Created:06 Nov 2012 09:50
Last Modified:06 Nov 2012 13:02

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