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Disinhibited behaviors in young children : relations with impulsivity and autonomic psychophysiology.

Centifanti (née Muñoz), L.C. and Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, X. (2011) 'Disinhibited behaviors in young children : relations with impulsivity and autonomic psychophysiology.', Biological psychology., 86 (3). pp. 349-359.

Abstract

Cardiac activity has long been considered as a psychophysiological marker of adaptive psychological adjustment. Irregularities in autonomic nervous system activity have long been implicated in both externalizing and disinhibitory behaviors. The present study used a battery of assessments in children ages 4.5–5.5 years to examine the relation among disinhibitory measures. Additionally, cardiovascular activity and reactivity was examined. Mothers rated impulsivity and internalizing/externalizing behaviors. Reward-dominance and passive-avoidance response inhibition (i.e., via errors of commission) tasks were included. Results showed that behaviorally uninhibited children began with an attenuated sympathetic response (i.e., lengthened pre-ejection period) to an interview with a novel experimenter, while inhibited children began with a high level of sympathetic activity. Further, behavioral impulsivity was related to low sympathetic activity at rest. Consistent with theories of disinhibition, externalizing behaviors and measures of behavioral impulsivity were related to a reward-dominant response style. Findings are discussed with regard to motivational theories of behavior.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Respiratory sinus arrhythmia, Pre-ejection period, Temperament, Impulsivity, Externalizing behaviors.
Full text:PDF - Accepted Version (446Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.01.007
Publisher statement:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Biological psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Biological psychology, 86/3, 2011, 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.01.007
Record Created:08 Nov 2012 14:35
Last Modified:27 Jun 2013 16:54

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