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Subarachnoid hemorrhage patients' fears of recurrence are related to the presence of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Noble, A.J. and Baisch, S. and Covey, J. and Mukerji, N. and Nath, F. and Schenk, T. (2011) 'Subarachnoid hemorrhage patients' fears of recurrence are related to the presence of posttraumatic stress disorder.', Neurosurgery., 69 (2). pp. 323-333.


BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients illustrate a chronic fear of recurrence. A third of patients develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after SAH, and PTSD after other conditions is associated with a more negative outlook on life. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether recurrence fears are related to PTSD and whether this is associated with the patients making more negative health appraisals. We also examined the helpfulness of current treatments. METHODS: Two SAH samples were generated. Sample 1 (n = 82) was assessed 13 months after ictus for PTSD, cognition, fear of recurrence, and beliefs concerning future health. Sample 2 (n = 60) was assessed 18 months after ictus for PTSD and to determine how much current treatments increased their confidence about not having another SAH. RESULTS: Thirty-four percent of sample 1 had PTSD. Although clinically and cognitively comparable, PTSD patients feared recurrence more and were comparatively more pessimistic about their chances of further SAH. Thirty-six percent of sample 2 had PTSD. These most fearful patients reported finding current treatments the least helpful. CONCLUSION: Fear of recurrence after SAH is related to PTSD. Participants with PTSD were more pessimistic about their future health. Treatment for PTSD could alleviate fears of SAH recurrence and promote better outcome.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Fear, Outcome, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Quality of life, Recurrence, Subarachnoid hemorrhage.
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Record Created:08 Nov 2012 14:50
Last Modified:15 Nov 2012 15:07

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