Conner, M. and Grogan, S. and Lawton, R. and Armitage, C. and West, R. and Siddiqi, K. and Gannon, B. and Torgerson, C. and Flett, K. and Simms-Ellis, R. (2013) 'Study protocol : a cluster randomised controlled trial of implementation intentions to reduce smoking initiation in adolescents.', BMC public health., 13 . p. 54.
Background: The current literature suggests that forming implementation intentions (simple ‘if-then’ plans) about how to refuse the offer of a cigarette may be an effective intervention to reduce smoking initiation in adolescents. This study is a pragmatic trial to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of such an intervention in reducing smoking initiation in a sample of UK adolescents. Methods/Design: A cluster randomised controlled trial with at least 36 schools randomised to receive an implementation intention intervention targeting reducing smoking initiation (intervention group) or increasing homework (control group). Interventions will be conducted at the classroom level and be repeated every six months for four years (eight interventions). Objectively assessed (carbon monoxide monitor) and self-reported smoking plus smoking related cognitions (e.g., smoking intentions, attitudes, norms and self-efficacy) will be assessed at baseline and 12, 24, 36 and 48 months post baseline. Objectively assessed smoking at 48 months post baseline will be the primary outcome variable. Health economic analyses will assess life years gained. Discussion: The results of the trial will provide information on the impact of a repeated implementation intention for refusing offers of cigarettes on rates of smoking initiation in adolescents.
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-54|
|Publisher statement:||© 2013 Conner et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
|Date accepted:||No date available|
|Date deposited:||19 July 2013|
|Date of first online publication:||January 2013|
|Date first made open access:||No date available|
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