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The glacial geomorphology of the Antarctic ice sheet bed.

Jamieson, S.S.R. and Stokes, C.R. and Ross, N. and Rippin, D.M. and Bingham, R.G. and Wilson, D.S. and Margold, M. and Bentley, M.J. (2014) 'The glacial geomorphology of the Antarctic ice sheet bed.', Antarctic science., 26 (6). pp. 724-741.

Abstract

In 1976, David Sugden and Brian John developed a classification for Antarctic landscapes of glacial erosion based upon exposed and eroded coastal topography, providing insight into the past glacial dynamics of the Antarctic ice sheets. We extend this classification to cover the continental interior of Antarctica by analysing the hypsometry of the subglacial landscape using a recently released dataset of bed topography (BEDMAP2). We used the existing classification as a basis for first developing a low-resolution description of landscape evolution under the ice sheet before building a more detailed classification of patterns of glacial erosion. Our key finding is that a more widespread distribution of ancient, preserved alpine landscapes may survive beneath the Antarctic ice sheets than has been previously recognized. Furthermore, the findings suggest that landscapes of selective erosion exist further inland than might be expected, and may reflect the presence of thinner, less extensive ice in the past. Much of the selective nature of erosion may be controlled by pre-glacial topography, and especially by the large-scale tectonic structure and fluvial valley network. The hypotheses of landscape evolution presented here can be tested by future surveys of the Antarctic ice sheet bed.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Antarctica, Cenozoic, Glacial erosion, Ice sheet history, Landscape evolution, Morphometry.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954102014000212
Publisher statement:© Antarctic Science Ltd 2014 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:13 March 2014
Date deposited:03 April 2014
Date of first online publication:13 November 2014
Date first made open access:No date available

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