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The importance of mosquito behavioural adaptations to malaria control in Africa.

Gatton, M.L. and Chitnis, N. and Churcher, T. and Donnelly, M.J. and Ghani, A.C. and Godfray, H.C.J. and Gould, F. and Hastings, I. and Marshall, J. and Ranson, H. and Rowland, R. and Shaman, J. and Lindsay, S.W. (2013) 'The importance of mosquito behavioural adaptations to malaria control in Africa.', Evolution., 67 (4). pp. 1218-1230.


Over the past decade the use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), in combination with improved drug therapies, indoor residual spraying (IRS), and better health infrastructure, has helped reduce malaria in many African countries for the first time in a generation. However, insecticide resistance in the vector is an evolving threat to these gains. We review emerging and historical data on behavioral resistance in response to LLINs and IRS. Overall the current literature suggests behavioral and species changes may be emerging, but the data are sparse and, at times unconvincing. However, preliminary modeling has demonstrated that behavioral resistance could have significant impacts on the effectiveness of malaria control. We propose seven recommendations to improve understanding of resistance in malaria vectors. Determining the public health impact of physiological and behavioral insecticide resistance is an urgent priority if we are to maintain the significant gains made in reducing malaria morbidity and mortality.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Anopheles, Indoor residual spraying, Insecticidal nets, Resistance.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Gatton, M.L., Chitnis, N., Churcher, T., Donnelly, M.J., Ghani, A.C., Godfray, H.C.J., Gould, F., Hastings, I., Marshall, J., Ranson, H., Rowland, M., Shaman, J. and Lindsay, S.W. (2013). The importance of mosquito behavioural adaptations to malaria control in Africa. Evolution 67(4): 1218-1230., which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Record Created:21 May 2014 10:35
Last Modified:22 May 2014 09:30

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