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Microfossil evidence for land movements associated with the AD 1964 Alaska earthquake.

Zong, Y. and Shennan, I. and Combellick, R. A. and Hamilton, S. L. and Rutherford, M. M. (2003) 'Microfossil evidence for land movements associated with the AD 1964 Alaska earthquake.', The Holocene., 13 (1). pp. 7-20.

Abstract

Microfossil diatom and pollen data from a number of cores at coastal marshes at Girdwood Flats and Kenai Flats in Cook Inlet, Alaska, suggest that there was a phase of gradual land subsidence prior to the main shock of the AD 1964 earthquake. This phase followed a long period of gradual land uplift since the last large earthquake, which occurred about 730-900 years ago. Caesium (137Cs) records indicate that subsidence started approximately 15 years before the 1964 earthquake. This pre-seismic subsidence is evident in the coastal marsh sediment sequences in changes in diatom and pollen assemblages that indicate changes in tidal-marsh environments or a change from raised-bog to marsh conditions. The microfossil evidence indicates ~0.15 m pre-seismic land subsidence at both Girdwood Flats and Kenai Flats and co-seismic subsidence of ~1.8 m and ~0.2 m respectively.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Diatom, Pollen, Earthquake, 1964, Pre-Seismic, Land Subsidence, Alaska.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1191/0959683603hl590rp
Record Created:17 Nov 2006
Last Modified:29 Jan 2010 12:10

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