Cookies

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.


Durham Research Online
You are in:

Cenozoic exhumation history of the Alborz Mountains, Iran : new constraints from low-temperature chronometry.

Rezaeian, M. and Carter, A. and Hovius, N. and Allen, M.B. (2012) 'Cenozoic exhumation history of the Alborz Mountains, Iran : new constraints from low-temperature chronometry.', Tectonics., 31 (2). TC2004.

Abstract

[1] The Alborz Mountains in the north of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau mainly developed in the Cenozoic as a consequence of the closure of Neo-Tethys and continental collision between Arabia and Eurasia. Cenozoic growth of the fold-and-thrust belt exploited an older Palaezoic-Mesozoic crustal fabric but the extent to which this governed the overall form of the mountain belt is unclear. To determine when and how the Alborz mountain belt has grown, apatite fission track (AFT) and (U-Th)/He (AHe) thermochronometry were performed on 46 bedrock samples collected along 8 transects across the range. AFT central ages range from 157 ± 24 Ma to 10 ± 1 Ma with most ages falling between 40 Ma and 10 Ma. AHe ages range from 17 ± 2 Ma to 6 ± 1 Ma. The data revealed enhanced exhumation ca. 35 ± 5 Ma, minor exhumation between ca. 30–20 Ma and an increase in exhumation thereafter. This pattern matches the tripartite Mid-Cenozoic stratigraphy of Central Iran, where Upper Oligocene-Lower Miocene carbonates are sandwiched between terrestrial clastic formations. The most intriguing thermochronometric signal found is a major acceleration of exhumation that initiated in the late Miocene to early Pliocene, recorded by the AHe data. There does not appear to be a direct tectonic cause for Pliocene intensified erosion, as convergence rates between Arabia and Eurasia have remained relatively constant. Enhanced exhumation at this time may reflect a climatically induced intensification of erosion during Caspian isolation and base level fall, or a regional tectonic re-organization of the Arabia-Eurasia collision, or both.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Alborz Mountains, U-Th/He (AHe), Apatite fission track (AFT), Doubly vergent orogen, Exhumation.
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Download PDF
(6623Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011TC002974
Publisher statement:© 2012 American Geophysical Union. Rezaeian, M., Carter, A., Hovius, N. and Allen, M.B. (2012) 'Cenozoic exhumation history of the Alborz Mountains, Iran : new constraints from low-temperature chronometry.', Tectonics., 31 (2). TC2004, 10.1029/2011TC002974. To view the published open abstract, go to http://dx.doi.org and enter the DOI.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:29 July 2014
Date of first online publication:April 2012
Date first made open access:No date available

Save or Share this output

Export:
Export
Look up in GoogleScholar