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Astrophysical black holes in screened modified gravity.

Davis, Anne-Christine and Gregory, Ruth and Jha, Rahul and Muir, Jessica (2014) 'Astrophysical black holes in screened modified gravity.', Journal of cosmology and astroparticle physics., 2014 (08). 033.


Chameleon, environmentally dependent dilaton, and symmetron gravity are three models of modified gravity in which the effects of the additional scalar degree of freedom are screened in dense environments. They have been extensively studied in laboratory, cosmological, and astrophysical contexts. In this paper, we present a preliminary investigation into whether additional constraints can be provided by studying these scalar fields around black holes. By looking at the properties of a static, spherically symmetric black hole, we find that the presence of a non-uniform matter distribution induces a non-constant scalar profile in chameleon and dilaton, but not necessarily symmetron gravity. An order of magnitude estimate shows that the effects of these profiles on in-falling test particles will be sub-leading compared to gravitational waves and hence observationally challenging to detect.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd. This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of cosmology and astroparticle physics. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at
Record Created:17 Sep 2014 15:05
Last Modified:16 Aug 2015 00:31

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