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An overview of systematic reviews in medical education and a focused review in prescribing.

Green, K.E. and Taylor, C.A. and Torgerson, C. (2012) 'An overview of systematic reviews in medical education and a focused review in prescribing.', Effective education., 4 (2). pp. 147-167.


Background: Tertiary reviews (review of reviews) in medical education tend to focus on doctors, continuing education and professional practice. This paper provides a tertiary review of all areas of medical education at all levels. An in-depth focus on prescribing is included. Methods and results: A systematic search using the keywords ‘medical education’ AND (‘systematic review’ OR ‘meta-analysis’) yielded 187 reviews. Reviews were coded by intervention, curriculum/theme, participants and outcomes, creating a systematic map. The most popular interventions and curriculum were simulation (9%) and prescribing (7%), respectively. Most reviews included multiple participant types (68%) and sought patient/health outcomes (64%). Twelve prescribing reviews included in the in-depth review found active educational strategies more effective than passive strategies. Discussion: The systematic map highlights topics and interventions, but further research should explore the cost-effectiveness of the reviews themselves. Prescribing reviews tend to focus on doctors; more research into the acquisition of prescribing skills by students/junior doctors is required.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Medical education, Systematic review, Systematic mapping, Prescribing.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Effective Education on 01/01/2012, available online at:ю
Date accepted:31 July 2013
Date deposited:08 April 2015
Date of first online publication:2012
Date first made open access:No date available

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