Aharonian, F. and Akhperjanian, A. G. and Aye, K.-M. and Bazer-Bachi, A. R. and Beilicke, M. and Benbow, W. and Berge, D. and Berghaus, P. and Bernlöhr, K. and Bolz, O. and Boisson, C. and Borgmeier, C. and Breitling, F. and Brown, A. M. and Chadwick, P. M. and Chitnis, V. R. and Chounet, L.-M. and Cornils, R. and Costamante, L. and Degrange, B. and de Jager, O. C. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Drury, L. O.'C. and Ergin, T. and Espigat, P. and Feinstein, F. and Fleury, P. and Fontaine, G. and Funk, S. and Gallant, Y. A. and Giebels, B. and Gillessen, S. and Goret, P. and Guy, J. and Hadjichristidis, C. and Hauser, M. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hinton, J. and Hofmann, W. and Holleran, M. and Horns, D. and Jung, I. and Khélifi, B. and Komin, N. and Konopelko, A. and Latham, I. J. and Gallou, R. Le. and Lemoine, M. and Lemière, A. and Leroy, N. and Lohse, T. and Marcowith, A. and Masterson, C. and McComb, T. J. L. and de Naurois, M. and Nolan, S. J. and Noutsos, A. and Orford, K. J. and Osborne, J. L. and Ouchrif, M. and Panter, M. and Pelletier, G. and Pita, S. and Pohl, M. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Raubenheimer, B. C. and Raue, M. and Raux, J. and Rayner, S. M. and Redondo, I. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Ripken, J. and Rivoal, M. and Rob, L. and Rolland, L. and Rowell, G. and Sahakian, V. and Sauge, L. and Schlenker, S. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schuster, C. and Schwanke, U. and Siewert, M. and Sol, H. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Tavernet, J.-P. and Théoret, C. G. and Tluczykont, M. and van der Walt, D. J. and Vasileiadis, G. and Vincent, P. and Visser, B. and Volk, H. J. and Wagner, S. J. (2004) 'Calibration of cameras of the H.E.S.S. detector.', Astroparticle physics., 22 (2). pp. 109-125.
H.E.S.S.—the high energy stereoscopic system—is a new system of large atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes for GeV/TeV astronomy. Each of the four telescopes of 107 m2 mirror area is equipped with a 960-pixel photomultiplier-tube camera. This paper describes the methods used to convert the photomultiplier signals into the quantities needed for Cherenkov image analysis. Two independent calibration techniques have been applied in parallel to provide an estimation of uncertainties. Results on the long-term stability of the H.E.S.S. cameras are also presented.
|Keywords:||Atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, Optical-system, Performance.|
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2004.06.006|
|Record Created:||06 May 2008|
|Last Modified:||23 Jul 2014 22:22|
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