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COSMOS : three-dimensional weak lensing and the growth of structure.

Massey, Richard and Rhodes, Jason and Leauthaud, Alexie and Capak, Peter and Ellis, Richard and Koekemoer, Anton and Refregier, Alexandre and Scoville, Nick and Taylor, James E. and Albert, Justin and Berge, Joel and Heymans, Catherine and Johnston, David and Kneib, Jean-Paul and Mellier, Yannick and Mobasher, Bahram and Semboloni, Elisabetta and Shopbell, Patrick and Tasca, Lidia and Van Waerbeke, Ludovic (2007) 'COSMOS : three-dimensional weak lensing and the growth of structure.', Astrophysical journal supplement series., 172 (1). pp. 239-253.


We present a three-dimensional cosmic shear analysis of the Hubble Space Telescope COSMOS survey, the largest ever optical imaging program performed in space. We have measured the shapes of galaxies for the telltale distortions caused by weak gravitational lensing and traced the growth of that signal as a function of redshift. Using both 2D and 3D analyses, we measure cosmological parameters Ωm, the density of matter in the universe, and σ8, the normalization of the matter power spectrum. The introduction of redshift information tightens the constraints by a factor of 3 and also reduces the relative sampling (or "cosmic") variance compared to recent surveys that may be larger but are only two-dimensional. From the 3D analysis, we find that σ8(Ωm/0.3)0.44 = 0.866img1.gif at 68% confidence limits, including both statistical and potential systematic sources of error in the total budget. Indeed, the absolute calibration of shear measurement methods is now the dominant source of uncertainty. Assuming instead a baseline cosmology to fix the geometry of the universe, we have measured the growth of structure on both linear and nonlinear physical scales. Our results thus demonstrate a proof of concept for tomographic analysis techniques that have been proposed for future weak-lensing surveys by a dedicated wide-field telescope in space.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2007. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:06 May 2015
Date of first online publication:September 2007
Date first made open access:No date available

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