Durose, K. and Yates, A. J. W. and Szczerbakow, A. and Domagala, J. and Golacki, Z. and Swiatek, K. (2002) 'Cdsxte1-x : bulk vapour growth, twin formation and the electrical activity of twin boundaries.', Journal of physics D : applied physics., 35 (16). pp. 1997-2007.
CdSxTe1-x has been used as a model substance to investigate crystal growth from the vapour, twinning phenomena and the electrical properties of grain boundaries. A self-selecting vapour growth method produced solid solutions of CdSxTe1-x (x approximate to 0.067) with compositional uniformity of <2% of x (i.e. <0.0013) as determined by x-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The CdSxTe1-x crystals were highly twinned. Statistical tests showed that the twin boundaries are spatially correlated. A model for twin formation based on nucleation and grain size development is proposed. Band bending at grain and twin boundaries in CdTe and in CdSxTe1-x was measured using the scanning electron microscope remote electron beam induced current technique. Boundaries in CdTe have downward band bending, but those in CdSxTe1-x have upward band bending. Decoration of grain boundaries with Te inclusions reduced the band bending effect in CdTe. It is postulated that the grain boundary passivation in CdTe/CdS solar cells is partly caused by enrichment of the grain boundaries in CdTe with CdSxTe1-x and partly by the Te enrichment that occurs during processing.
|Keywords:||CDTE Pseudobinary system, CDS/CDTE solar-cells, Grain-boundaries, Phase-diagram, Semiconductors, Crystals, CDCL2.|
|Full text:||Full text not available from this repository.|
|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/35/16/314|
|Record Created:||13 Dec 2006|
|Last Modified:||20 Nov 2014 12:57|
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