We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Caught between theory and practice : government, market, and regulatory failure in electricity sector reforms.

Nepal, R. and Jamasb, T. (2015) 'Caught between theory and practice : government, market, and regulatory failure in electricity sector reforms.', Economic analysis and policy., 46 . pp. 16-24.


Electricity sector in many developing countries since the early 1990s have revealed the complexities of introducing market-based reforms in network and infrastructure industries. This paper reflects on the experience to date with the process and outcomes of electricity reforms in smaller electricity systems of less-developed and transition economies. In particular, we use case studies of Belarus and Nepal, two countries that in many respects reflect the current state of reform efforts but have not received much scrutiny in the literature. The evidence suggests similarities in the electricity sectors of less-developed and transition economies, even though the contexts vary significantly. The need to balance economic efficiency, sustainability and social equity, and to maintain adequate investment, remains challenging despite more than two decades of experience with reforms. The dynamics of the electricity supply industry and policy objectives imply that reforms evolve continuously and thus remain work in progress, and their success or failure is a complex function of micro- and macro-economic as well as institutional factors.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Market liberalization, Electricity restructuring.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Economic Analysis and Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Economic Analysis and Policy, 46, June 2015, 10.1016/j.eap.2015.03.001.
Date accepted:04 March 2015
Date deposited:26 May 2015
Date of first online publication:June 2015
Date first made open access:10 September 2016

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar