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A Late Babylonian normal and ziqpu star text.

Roughton, N. A. and Steele, J. M. and Walker, C. B. F. (2004) 'A Late Babylonian normal and ziqpu star text.', Archive for history of exact sciences., 58 (6). pp. 537-572.


The Late Babylonian tablet BM 36609+ is a substantial rejoined fragment of an important and previously unknown compendium of short texts dealing with the use of stars in astronomy. Three of the fragments which constitute BM 36609+ were first identified as containing a catalogue of Babylonian "Normal Stars" (stars used as reference points in the sky to track the movement of the moon and planets) by N. A. Roughten. C. B. F. Walker has been able to join several more fragments to the tablet which have revealed that other sections of the compendium concern a group of stars whose culminations are used for keeping time, known as ziqpu-stars after the Akkadian term for culmination, ziqpu. All the preserved sections on the obverse of BM 36609+ concern ziqpu-stars. On the reverse of the tablet we find several sections concerning Normal Stars. This side begins with a catalogue of Normal Stars giving their positions within zodiacal signs. The catalogue is apparently related to the only other Normal Star catalogue previously known, BM 46083 published by Sachs. In the following we present an edition of BM 36609+ based upon Walker's transliteration of the tablet. Since Sachs' edition of BM 46083, the Normal Star catalogue related to BM 36609+, was based upon a photograph and is incomplete we include a fresh edition of the tablet. A list of Akkadian and translated star names with identifications is given.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Stellar astronomy, Normal stars, Zodiac.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
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Record Created:18 Dec 2006
Last Modified:22 Nov 2017 15:19

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