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Durham Research Online
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Violations of personal space in young people with autism spectrum disorders and Williams syndrome : insights from the social responsiveness scale.

Lough, E. and Hanley, M. and Rodgers, J. and South, M. and Kirk, H. and Kennedy, D. and Riby, D. M. (2015) 'Violations of personal space in young people with autism spectrum disorders and Williams syndrome : insights from the social responsiveness scale.', Journal of autism and developmental disorders., 45 (12). pp. 4101-4108.

Abstract

Interpersonal distance regulation is crucial for successful social interactions. We investigated personal space awareness in Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to typical development. Parents reported that individuals with WS and ASD were significantly more likely than those developing typically to invade the personal space of others. WS individuals were reported to have the least awareness of the personal space boundaries of others. Despite the suggested opposing social profiles of WS and ASD, some similarities are present in the ability, or indeed inability, to regulate interpersonal distance during social interactions. Findings are discussed in relation to implications of atypical amygdala function, inhibitory control and anxiety on real-world behaviour for such socially vulnerable groups.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Personal space, Social distance, Autism, Williams syndrome, Social behaviour.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2536-0
Publisher statement:The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2536-0
Date accepted:24 July 2015
Date deposited:07 September 2015
Date of first online publication:24 July 2015
Date first made open access:24 July 2016

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