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Ophiolites in the Xing’an-Inner Mongolia accretionary belt of the CAOB : implications for two cycles of seafloor spreading and accretionary orogenic events.

Song, S.G. and Wang, M.J. and Xu, X. and Wang, C. and Niu, Y.L. and Allen, M.B. and Su, L. (2015) 'Ophiolites in the Xing’an-Inner Mongolia accretionary belt of the CAOB : implications for two cycles of seafloor spreading and accretionary orogenic events.', Tectonics., 34 (10). pp. 2221-2248.

Abstract

The Xing'an-Inner Mongolia accretionary belt in the southeastern segment of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) was produced by the long-lived subduction and eventual closure of the Paleo-Asian Ocean and by the convergence between the North China Craton and the Mongolian microcontinent. Two ophiolite belts have been recognized: the northern Erenhot-Hegenshan-Xi-Ujimqin ophiolite belt and the southern Solonker-Linxi ophiolite belt. Most basalts in the northern ophiolite belt exhibit characteristics of normal-type to enriched-type mid-ocean ridge basalt affinities with depleted Nd isotopic composition (εNd(t) > +5), comparable to modern Eastern Pacific mid-ocean ridge basalts. Most basaltic rocks in the southern belt show clear geochemical features of suprasubduction zone-type oceanic crust, probably formed in an arc/back-arc environment. The inferred back-arc extension along the Solonker-Linxi belt started at circa 280 Ma. Statistics of all the available age data for the ophiolites indicates two cycles of seafloor spreading/subduction, which gave rise to two main epochs of magmatic activity at 500–410 Ma and 360–220 Ma, respectively, with a gap of ~50 million years (Myr). The spatial and temporal distribution of the ophiolites and concurrent igneous rocks favor bilateral subduction toward the two continental margins in the convergence history, with final collision at ~230–220 Ma. In the whole belt, signals of continental collision and Himalayan-style mountain building are lacking. We thus conclude that the Xing'an-Inner Mongolia segment of the CAOB experienced two cycles of seafloor subduction, back-arc extension, and final “Appalachian-type” soft collision.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015TC003948
Publisher statement:Shuguang Song, Ming-Ming Wang, Xin Xu, Chao Wang, Yaoling Niu, Mark B. Allen, Li Su, (2015), Ophiolites in the Xing’an-Inner Mongolia accretionary belt of the CAOB : implications for two cycles of seafloor spreading and accretionary orogenic events, Tectonics, 34,10.1002/2015TC003948. To view the published open abstract, go to http://dx.doi.org and enter the DOI.
Record Created:31 Mar 2016 09:50
Last Modified:30 Oct 2016 00:37

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