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A longitudinal study of the association between inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity and children's academic attainment at age 11.

Merrell, C. and Sayal, K. and Tymms, P. and Kasim, A. (2017) 'A longitudinal study of the association between inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity and children's academic attainment at age 11.', Learning and individual differences., 53 . pp. 156-161.

Abstract

Background The link between inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity and poor academic outcomes is well established. Children with mild difficulties can go unnoticed yet may be at risk of poor academic outcomes. Aims To investigate the link between a continuum of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity at age five and academic attainment at age 11. Sample The sample comprised 46,369 children from 1812 English primary schools. Methods Reading and mathematics when starting school. Teachers rated behaviour at age five. English and mathematics were assessed at age 11. Results A substantive negative direct relationship was found between the severity of inattentive behaviour at age 5 and attainment at age 11. Hyperactivity was not significant but impulsivity was weakly but positively associated with attainment. These relationships applied across the whole range of behaviour scores. Conclusions Investigation of the continuum of symptoms has important implications for the teachers; particularly for those children with mild inattention whose difficulties may go unnoticed.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.04.003
Publisher statement:© 2016 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Date accepted:02 April 2016
Date deposited:05 April 2016
Date of first online publication:28 April 2016
Date first made open access:28 April 2017

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