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Herbivore diets and the anthropogenic environment of early farming in southern Scandinavia.

Gron, K. and Rowley-Conwy, P. (2017) 'Herbivore diets and the anthropogenic environment of early farming in southern Scandinavia.', The Holocene., 27 (1). pp. 98-109.

Abstract

Farming practice in the first period of the southern Scandinavian Neolithic (Early Neolithic I, Funnel Beaker Culture, 3950–3500 cal. BC) is not well understood. Despite the presence of the first farmers and their domesticated plants and animals, little evidence of profound changes to the landscape such as widespread deforestation has emerged from this crucial early period. Bone collagen dietary stable isotope ratios of wild herbivores from southern Scandinavia are here analysed in order to determine the expected range of dietary variation across the landscape. Coupled with previously published isotope data, differences in dietary variation between wild and domestic species indicate strong human influence on the choice and creation of feeding environments for cattle. In context with palynological and zooarchaeological data, we demonstrate that a human-built agricultural environment was present from the outset of farming in the region, and such a pattern is consistent with the process by which expansion agriculture moves into previously unfarmed regions.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683616652705
Publisher statement:This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Record Created:03 Jun 2016 12:50
Last Modified:20 Jan 2017 15:32

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