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Compaction of diagenetically altered mudstones - Part 1 : mechanical and chemical contributions.

Goulty, N.R. and Sargent, C. and Andras, P. and Aplin, A.C. (2016) 'Compaction of diagenetically altered mudstones - Part 1 : mechanical and chemical contributions.', Marine and petroleum geology., 77 . pp. 703-713.


At low temperatures, siliciclastic mudstones compact mechanically. Above 70C, where the smectite-to-illite transformation dominates clay diagenesis, they also compact chemically, provided that excess pore water can escape. There are two prevailing conceptual models for the compaction of siliciclastic mudstones at higher temperatures, above ~100C. One holds that precipitation of minerals during diagenesis cements the mudstones such that mechanical compaction no longer occurs even if the mudstones can drain freely. According to the other model, diagenetically altered mudstones continue to compact mechanically in response to increasing effective stress. We found that wireline-log and pressure data from Cretaceous mudstones at Haltenbanken are consistent with ongoing mechanical compaction accompanying chemical compaction up to at least 130C. We suggest that mechanical compaction continues because grain contacts in siliciclastic mudstones following smectite-to-illite transformation are still mostly between clay grains.

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Publisher statement:© 2016 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Record Created:01 Aug 2016 15:20
Last Modified:23 Jul 2017 00:41

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