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Unitarity violation at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in 4-epsilon dimensions.

Hogevorst, M. and Rychkov, S. and van Rees, B.C. (2016) 'Unitarity violation at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in 4-epsilon dimensions.', Physical review D., 93 (12). p. 125025.


We consider the continuation of free and interacting scalar field theory to noninteger spacetime dimension d. We find that the correlation functions in these theories are necessarily incompatible with unitarity (or with reflection positivity in Euclidean signature). In particular, the theories contain negative-norm states unless d is a positive integer. These negative-norm states can be obtained via the operator product expansion from simple positive-norm operators, and are therefore an integral part of the theory. At the Wilson-Fisher fixed point the nonunitarity leads to the existence of complex anomalous dimensions. We demonstrate that they appear already at leading order in the epsilon expansion.

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Publisher statement:This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published Hogevorst, M., Rychkov, S. & van Rees, B.C. (2016). Unitarity violation at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in 4-epsilon dimensions. Physical Review D 93: 125025,
Record Created:14 Dec 2016 10:45
Last Modified:24 Mar 2017 15:33

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