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Distinct neural networks for target feature versus dimension changes in visual search, as revealed by EEG and fMRI.

Becker, Si.I. and Grubert, A. and Dux, P.E. (2014) 'Distinct neural networks for target feature versus dimension changes in visual search, as revealed by EEG and fMRI.', NeuroImage., 102 (Part 2). pp. 798-808.

Abstract

In visual search, responses are slowed, from one trial to the next, both when the target dimension changes (e.g., from a color target to a size target) and when the target feature changes (e.g., from a red target to a green target) relative to being repeated across trials. The present study examined whether such feature and dimension switch costs can be attributed to the same underlying mechanism(s). Contrary to this contention, an EEG study showed that feature changes influenced visual selection of the target (i.e., delayed N2pc onset), whereas dimension changes influenced the later process of response selection (i.e., delayed s-LRP onset). An fMRI study provided convergent evidence for the two-system view: Compared with repetitions, feature changes led to increased activation in the occipital cortex, and superior and inferior parietal lobules, which have been implicated in spatial attention. By contrast, dimension changes led to activation of a fronto-posterior network that is primarily linked with response selection (i.e., pre-motor cortex, supplementary motor area and frontal areas). Taken together, the results suggest that feature and dimension switch costs are based on different processes. Specifically, whereas target feature changes delay attention shifts to the target, target dimension changes interfere with later response selection operations.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
First Live Deposit - 20 January 2017
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.08.058
Publisher statement:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in NeuroImage. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in NeuroImage, 102, Part 2, 15 November 2014, 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.08.058.
Record Created:20 Jan 2017 09:58
Last Modified:20 Jan 2017 12:03

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