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Crystal size distributions (CSD) in three dimensions : insights from the 3D reconstruction of a highly porphyritic rhyolite.

Mock, A. and Jerram, D. A. (2005) 'Crystal size distributions (CSD) in three dimensions : insights from the 3D reconstruction of a highly porphyritic rhyolite.', Journal of petrology., 46 (8). pp. 1525-1541.

Abstract

Growth histories and residence times of crystals in magmatic systems can be revealed by studying crystal sizes, size distributions and shapes. In this contribution, serial sectioning has been employed on a sample of porphyritic rhyolite from a Permo-Carboniferous laccolith from the Halle Volcanic Complex, Germany, to reconstruct the distribution of felsic phenocrysts in three dimensions in order to determine their true shapes, sizes and three-dimensional size distributions. A model of all three phenocryst phases (quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar) with 217 crystals, and a larger model containing 1599 K-feldspar crystals was reconstructed in three dimensions. The first model revealed a non-touching framework of crystals in three dimensions, suggesting that individual crystals grew freely in the melt prior to quenching of the texture. However, crystal shapes are complex and show large variation on a Zingg diagram (intermediate over long axis plotted against short over intermediate axis). They often do not resemble the crystallographic shapes expected for phenocrysts growing unhindered from a melt, indicating complex growth histories. In contrast, the three-dimensional size distribution is a simple straight line with a negative slope. Stereologically corrected size distributions from individual sections compare well with stereologically corrected size distributions obtained previously from the same sample. However, crystal size distribution (CSD) data from individual sections scatter considerably. It is shown that CSDs can be robustly reproduced with a sampling size of greater than 200 crystals. The kind of shape assumed in stereological correction of CSDs, however, has a large influence on the calculation and estimation of crystal residence times.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:
Keywords:3D reconstruction; crystal shapes; CSD; porphyritic rhyolite; quantitative petrography.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egi024
Record Created:16 Feb 2007
Last Modified:08 Apr 2009 16:27

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