Luguet, A. and Lorand, J. P. and Seyler, M. (2003) 'Sulfide petrology and highly siderophile element geochemistry of abyssal peridotites : a coupled study of samples from the Kane Fracture Zone (45°W 23°20N, MARK area, Atlantic Ocean).', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta., 67 (8). pp. 1553-1570.
Nineteen samples from the Kane Fracture Zone have been studied for sulfide mineralogy and analyzed for S, Se, platinum-group elements (PGE), and Au to assess the effect of refertilization processes on the PGE systematics of abyssal peridotites. The lherzolites show broadly chondritic PGE ratios and sulfide modal abundances (0.01 to 0.03 wt%) consistent with partial melting models, although the few pyroxene-hosted sulfide inclusions and in situ LAM-ICPMS analyses provide evidence for in situ mobilization of a Cu-Ni–rich sulfide partial melt. The most refractory harzburgites (spinel Cr# > 29) are almost devoid of magmatic sulfides and show uniformly low PdN/IrN (<0.5) for variable PtN/IrN (0.8 to 1.2). The compatible behavior of Os, Ir, Ru, Rh, and Pt reflects the presence of primary Os-Ru alloys. Some harzburgites displaying petrographic evidence for refertilization by incremental melts en route to the surface are enriched in sulfides (up to 0.1 wt%). Some of these sulfides are concentrated in small veinlets of clinopyroxene and spinel crystallized from these melts. These S-rich harzburgites display superchondritic PdN/IrN (up to 2.04) positively correlated with sulfide modal contents. It is concluded that refertilization processes resulting in precipitation of metasomatic sulfides may significantly enhance Pd concentrations of abyssal peridotites while marginally affecting Pt (PtN/IrN ≤ 1.24) and Rh (RhN/IrN ≤ 1.23) as well. When the effects of such processes are screened out, our database suggests PGE relative abundances in the DMM (Depleted MORB Mantle; MORB: Mid-Ocean Ridge) within the uncertainty range of chondritic meteorites, without evidence of superchondritic Pt/Ir and/or Rh/Ir ratios.
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(02)01133-X|
|Record Created:||26 Feb 2007|
|Last Modified:||08 Apr 2009 16:28|
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