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Labor pains : change in organizational models and employee turnover in young, high-tech firms.

Baron, J. N. and Hannan, M. T. and Burton, M. D. (2001) 'Labor pains : change in organizational models and employee turnover in young, high-tech firms.', American journal of sociology., 106 (4). pp. 960-1012.

Abstract

Organizational theories, especially ecological perspectives, emphasize the disruptive effects of change. However, the mechanisms producing these effects are seldom examined explicitly. This article examines one such mechanismemployee turnover. Analyzing a sample of high-technology start-ups, we show that changes in the employment models or blueprints embraced by organizational leaders increase turnover, which in turn adversely affects subsequent organizational performance. Turnover associated with organizational change appears to be concentrated among the most senior employees, suggesting "old guard disenchantment" as the primary cause. The results are consistent with the claim of neoinstitutionalist scholars that founders impose cultural blueprints on nascent organizations and with the claim of organizational ecologists that altering such blueprints is disruptive and destabilizing.

Item Type:Article
Full text:PDF - Published Version (210Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/320296
Publisher statement:Copyright 2001 by The University of Chicago Press
Record Created:23 Jun 2008
Last Modified:18 Aug 2011 09:56

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