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Development of a prototype solid state fault current limiting and interrupting device for low voltage distribution networks.

Ahmed, M. and Putrus, G. A. and Ran, L. and Penlington, R. (2006) 'Development of a prototype solid state fault current limiting and interrupting device for low voltage distribution networks.', IEEE transactions on power delivery., 21 (4). pp. 1997-2005.


This paper describes the development of a solid-state Fault Current Limiting and Interrupting Device (FCLID) suitable for low voltage distribution networks. The main components of the FCLID are a bidirectional semiconductor switch that can disrupt the short-circuit current, and a voltage clamping element that helps in controlling the current and absorbing the inductive energy stored in the network during current interruption. Using a hysteresis type control algorithm, the short-circuit current can be constrained according to a pre-defined profile. IGBTs and diodes are used to construct the semiconductor switch. Varistors are used as the voltage clamping element. An effective method is adopted to improve the current sharing between parallel varistors in order to provide the required capability of energy absorption. An overall protection scheme for the FCLID is described. A prototype FCLID for 230 V single-phase, or 400 V three-phase, applications is developed and tested. Analyses and experiments are carried out to define the stresses that the main components in the FCLID are subject to. The results show that the developed prototype is capable of limiting a 3 kA prospective short-circuit current to 120 A for a period of 0.8 s, without exceeding the thermal limits of the chosen switches and varistors.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Current limiter, Fault current, Electrical power distribution, Semiconductor switch, Varistor.
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Publisher statement:©2006 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Record Created:27 May 2008
Last Modified:24 May 2011 16:17

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