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Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members.

Abrams, D. and Van de Vyver, J. and Pelletier, J. and Cameron, L. (2015) 'Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members.', British journal of developmental psychology., 33 (3). pp. 277-294.


When will children decide to help outgroup peers? We examined how intergroup competition, social perspective taking (SPT), and empathy influence children's (5–10 years, N = 287) prosocial intentions towards outgroup members. Study 1 showed that, in a minimal group situation, prosociality was lower in an intergroup competitive than in a non‐competitive or interpersonal context. Study 2 revealed that, in a real groups situation involving intergroup competition, prosociality was associated with higher empathy and lower competitive motivation. In a subsequent non‐competitive context, there were age differences in the impact of SPT and competitive motivation. With age, relationships strengthened between SPT and prosociality (positively) and between competitiveness and prosociality (negatively). Among older children, there was a carry‐over effect whereby feelings of intergroup competitiveness aroused by the intergroup competitive context suppressed outgroup prosociality in the following non‐competitive context. Theoretical and practical implications for improving children's intergroup relationships are discussed.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This is the accepted version of the following article: Abrams, D., Van de Vyver, J., Pelletier, J. & Cameron, L. (2015). Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 33(3): 277-294, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Date accepted:10 February 2015
Date deposited:07 September 2018
Date of first online publication:16 March 2015
Date first made open access:No date available

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