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Safe jet vetoes.

Pascoli, Silvia and Ruiz, Richard and Weiland, Cedric (2018) 'Safe jet vetoes.', Physics letters B., 786 . pp. 106-113.


Central jet vetoes are powerful tools for reducing QCD background in measurements and searches for electroweak and colorless, new physics processes in hadron collisions. In this letter, we report the key findings of a new philosophy to designing searches for such phenomena at hadron colliders, one designed and centered around a dynamical jet veto instead of a static veto applied independently of other selection criteria. Specifically, we investigate the theoretical and phenomenological consequences of setting the jet veto scale to the transverse momentum of the leading charged lepton ℓ in multi-lepton processes on an event-by-event basis. We consider the case of a TeV-scale heavy neutrino N decaying to the trilepton final state and find the following: (i) Perturbative uncertainties associated with the veto greatly reduce due to tying the veto scale to the hard process scale. (ii) The signal efficiency for passing the veto jumps to and exhibits little-to-no dependence on the neutrino mass scale. (iii) Top quark and “fake” lepton rejection capabilities also improve compared to only vetoing heavy flavor-tagged jets above a fixed . This results in an increased sensitivity to active–sterile neutrino mixing by approximately an order of magnitude over the LHC's lifetime. For a Dirac neutrino with mass GeV and the representative active–sterile mixing hypothesis with , we find that LHC experiments can probe , surpassing the global upper limit for GeV, with ab−1 of data at TeV. Due to the color structures of the heavy N production mechanisms considered, we argue that our results hold broadly for other color-singlet processes.

Item Type:Article
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First Live Deposit - 04 October 2018
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution.
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Publisher statement:© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( Funded by SCOAP3.
Record Created:04 Oct 2018 15:43
Last Modified:04 Oct 2018 16:25

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