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Polyurethane unicondylar knee prostheses : simulator wear tests and lubrication studies.

Scholes, S. C. and Unsworth, A. and Jones, E. (2007) 'Polyurethane unicondylar knee prostheses : simulator wear tests and lubrication studies.', Physics in medicine and biology., 52 (1). pp. 197-212.


Many materials are used as artificial joint bearing surfaces; these include conventional stainless steel or CoCrMo-on-ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), CoCrMo on itself and alumina-on-alumina. However, these joints have a limited lifespan resulting in failure of the prosthesis and the need for revision surgery. A number of materials have been introduced recently in an attempt to overcome these problems. Polycarbonate urethane (PU) is a compliant material that can be used as an artificial joint bearing surface which has been developed to mimic the natural synovial joint more accurately by promoting fluid film lubrication. Tribological tests were performed on CoCrMo-on-PU unicondylar knee prostheses to assess their performance in vitro. The wear produced by these components was considerably lower than that found for conventional joints. They also exhibited low friction and operated close to full-fluid film lubrication with viscosities of lubricant similar to those found in patients with arthritis. These tests gave encouraging results for the tribological performance of this material couple for use as an alternative bearing combination.

Item Type:Article
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Record Created:30 Mar 2007
Last Modified:29 Apr 2009 11:00

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