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Connectionism in action : exploring the links between leader prototypes, leader gender, and perceptions of authentic leadership.

Braun, S. and Peus, C. and Frey, D. (2018) 'Connectionism in action : exploring the links between leader prototypes, leader gender, and perceptions of authentic leadership.', Organizational behavior and human decision processes., 149 . pp. 129-144.

Abstract

Building on the connectionist model of leadership perceptions, this research investigates the relationships between leader gender and authentic leadership perceptions from a leadership prototype perspective. In a five-study series, we tested different cognitive processing dynamics that influenced leadership perceptions. Study 1 (N = 271) demonstrated that female leader targets increased authentic leadership perceptions. Study 2 (N = 171) showed this association for each of the four dimensions of authentic leadership. Study 3 (N = 100) assessed the relationship between leader gender and authentic leadership perceptions with implicit measures (i.e., the accessibility of female names and female typed hobbies). Study 4 (N = 246) extended this processing dynamic to consideration, another communal leadership style. Finally, a lexical decision making task in Study 5 (N = 200) indicated that prototype inconsistent leadership styles (initiating structure, autocratic leadership) slowed down automated processing for female leader targets. We discuss contributions to information processing approaches to leadership and practical implications.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 25 October 2020.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
First Live Deposit - 02 November 2018
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
File format - PDF
(605Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2018.10.003
Publisher statement:© 2018 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Record Created:02 Nov 2018 11:13
Last Modified:02 Nov 2018 15:17

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