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The effect of expectation on facilitation of colour/form conjunction tasks by TMS over area V5.

Ellison, A. and Battelli, L. and Walsh, V. and Cowey, A. (2003) 'The effect of expectation on facilitation of colour/form conjunction tasks by TMS over area V5.', Neuropsychologia., 41 (13). pp. 1794-1801.

Abstract

In an earlier paper, we reported task-specific impairments and improvements caused by applying TMS over cortical visual area V5 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 265 (1998) 537]. The phenomenon is further investigated in the present study using two of the previous tasks: a motion/form conjunction in which TMS impaired performance and a colour/form conjunction in which performance was enhanced with TMS. In the earlier experiment, subjects were presented with blocks of trials of one task type perhaps allowing some of the observed effects to arise from knowing the type of stimulus to be discriminated. When blocks of trials consisted of randomly mixed moving/form and colour/form conjunction tasks, TMS over V5 still impaired target-present responses for the moving/form conjunction, but the facilitation seen for colour/form conjunction target-present responses disappeared. We suggest that the competitive inhibition postulated between visual movement areas and colour areas in the brain, in our previous paper, are subject to expectation or knowledge of forthcoming stimulus type.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:V5/MT, TMS, Visual search, Expectation, Competitive inhibition.
Full text:PDF - Accepted Version (64Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0028-3932(03)00180-5
Record Created:17 Oct 2008
Last Modified:19 Aug 2011 16:53

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