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New evidence of the earliest domestic dogs in the Americas.

Perri, Angela and Widga, Chris and Lawler, Dennis and Martin, Terrance and Loebel, Thomas and Farnsworth, Kenneth and Kohn, Luci and Buenger, Brent (2019) 'New evidence of the earliest domestic dogs in the Americas.', American antiquity., 84 (1). pp. 68-87.


The domestication of dogs likely occurred in Eurasia by 16,000 years ago, and the initial peopling of the Americas potentially happened around the same time. Dogs were long thought to have accompanied the first migrations into the Americas, but conclusive evidence for Paleoindian dogs is lacking. In this study, the direct dating of two dogs from the Koster site (Greene County, Illinois) and a newly described dog from the Stilwell II site (Pike County, Illinois) to between 10,190 and 9,630 cal BP represents the earliest confirmed evidence of domestic dogs in the Americas and individual dog burials anywhere in the world. Analysis of these animals shows Early Archaic dogs were medium sized, lived active lifestyles, and exhibited significant morphological variation. Stable isotope analyses suggest diets dominated by terrestrial C3 resources and substantial consumption of riverine fish.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This article has been published in a revised form in American antiquity This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © 2018 by the Society for American Archaeology
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:19 February 2019
Date of first online publication:26 December 2018
Date first made open access:19 February 2019

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