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Artificial general intelligence and contract.

John, Linarelli (2019) 'Artificial general intelligence and contract.', Uniform law review. .

Abstract

The aim of this article is to inquire whether contract law can operate in a state of affairs in which artificial general intelligence (AGI) exists and has the cog-nitive abilities to interact with humans to exchange promises or otherwise en-gage in the sorts of exchanges typically governed by contract law. AGI is a long way off but its emergence may be sudden and come in the lifetimes of some people alive today. How might contract law adapt to a situation in which at least one of the contract parties could, from the standpoint of capacity to engage in promising and exchange, be an AGI? This is not a situation in which AI operates as an agent of a human or a firm, a frequent occurrence right now. Rather, the question is whether an AGI could constitute a principal – a contract party on its own. Contract law is a good place to start a discussion about adapt-ing the law for an AGI future because it already incorporates a version of what is known as weak AI in its objective standard for contract formation and inter-pretation. Contract law in some limited sense takes on issues of relevance from philosophy of mind. AGI holds the potential to transform a solution to an epis-temological problem of how to prove a contract exists into solution to an onto-logical problem about the capacity to contract. An objection might be that con-tract law presupposes the existence of a person the law recognizes as pos-sessing the capacity to contract. Contract law itself may not be able to answer the prior question of legally recognized personhood. The answer will be to fo-cus on how AGI cognitive architecture could be designed for compatibility for human interaction. This article focuses on that question as well.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:contract, contract formation, artificial intelligence, advanced artificial intelligence, AI ethics
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
First Live Deposit - 04 April 2019
File format - PDF
(307Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:UNSPECIFIED
Record Created:04 Apr 2019 12:13
Last Modified:03 Jun 2019 12:13

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