Banerjee, A. and Basu, P. and Keller, E. (2016) 'Business cost and skill acquisition.', Working Paper. Durham University Business School.
Although the ratio of higher educated lifetime earnings relative to primary-educated lifetime earnings (skill premium) is higher in poor than rich countries, poor countries have a substantially lower fraction of individuals with higher education (skilled individuals). Why? In a sample of 52 countries, we document that the unemployment rate of the skilled net of that of the unskilled decreases with a country’s level of development. We argue that the cost of opening and operating a business is a ﬁrst order determinant of these unemployment rates and can reconcile a lower skill acquisition in front of a higher skill premium in poor compared to rich countries. To formalize our argument, we write and quantify a matching model of endogenous occupational choice and skill acquisition. A country’s business cost, schooling cost and skill-productivity proﬁle determine its fraction of skilled individuals, skill premium and unemployment rates by skill level. We infer a higher business cost for poor countries and, via counterfactual experiments, ﬁnd that disparities in the business cost account for about one third of the cross-country correlation between skill premium and fraction of skilled individuals.
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|Record Created:||04 Jun 2019 16:58|
|Last Modified:||05 Jun 2019 16:38|
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