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Electron distribution and molecular motion in crystalline benzene : an accurate experimental study combining CCD X-ray data on C6H6 with multitemperature neutron-diffraction results on C6D6.

Burgi, H. B. and Capelli, S. C. and Goeta, A. E. and Howard, J. A. K. and Spackman, M. A. and Yufit, D. S. (2002) 'Electron distribution and molecular motion in crystalline benzene : an accurate experimental study combining CCD X-ray data on C6H6 with multitemperature neutron-diffraction results on C6D6.', Chemistry : a European journal., 8 (15). pp. 3512-3521.

Abstract

The electronic properties of the benzene molecule, for example its quadrupole moment and the electric field gradients (EFG's) at the H nuclei, are of fundamental importance in theoretical and experimental chemistry. With this in mind, single-crystal X-ray diffraction data on C6H6 were collected with a charge-coupled device detector at T approximate to 110 K. As accurate modelling of the thermal motion in the crystal was regarded as vital, especially for the hydrogen atoms, anisotropic-displacement parameters (ADP's) for the C and H atoms in C6H6 were derived in a straight-forward fashion from analysis of the temperature dependence of ADP's for the C and D atoms in C6D6 at 15 K and 123 K obtained by neutron diffraction. Agreement between C-atom ADP's derived from thermal-motion analysis of neutron data and those obtained from multipole refinement by using the X-ray data is extraordinarily good; this gives confidence in the modelling of vibrational motion for the H atoms. The molecular quadrupole moment derived from the total charge density of the molecule in the crystal is (-29.7 +/- 2.4) x 10(-40) Cm-2. in excellent agreement with measurements made in the gas phase and in solution. The average deuterium nuclear quadrupole coupling constant (DQCC) derived from EFG tensors at H atoms is 182 +/- 17 kHz, also in excellent agreement with independent measurements. The strategy employed in this work may be of more general applicability for future accurate electron density studies.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Benzene, Electric field gradient, Isotope effects, Quadrupole moment, X-ray diffraction.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20020802)8:15<3512::AID-CHEM3512>3.0.CO;2-Z
Record Created:12 Apr 2007
Last Modified:08 Apr 2009 16:29

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