Burgi, H. B. and Capelli, S. C. and Goeta, A. E. and Howard, J. A. K. and Spackman, M. A. and Yufit, D. S. (2002) 'Electron distribution and molecular motion in crystalline benzene : an accurate experimental study combining CCD X-ray data on C6H6 with multitemperature neutron-diffraction results on C6D6.', Chemistry : a European journal., 8 (15). pp. 3512-3521.
The electronic properties of the benzene molecule, for example its quadrupole moment and the electric field gradients (EFG's) at the H nuclei, are of fundamental importance in theoretical and experimental chemistry. With this in mind, single-crystal X-ray diffraction data on C6H6 were collected with a charge-coupled device detector at T approximate to 110 K. As accurate modelling of the thermal motion in the crystal was regarded as vital, especially for the hydrogen atoms, anisotropic-displacement parameters (ADP's) for the C and H atoms in C6H6 were derived in a straight-forward fashion from analysis of the temperature dependence of ADP's for the C and D atoms in C6D6 at 15 K and 123 K obtained by neutron diffraction. Agreement between C-atom ADP's derived from thermal-motion analysis of neutron data and those obtained from multipole refinement by using the X-ray data is extraordinarily good; this gives confidence in the modelling of vibrational motion for the H atoms. The molecular quadrupole moment derived from the total charge density of the molecule in the crystal is (-29.7 +/- 2.4) x 10(-40) Cm-2. in excellent agreement with measurements made in the gas phase and in solution. The average deuterium nuclear quadrupole coupling constant (DQCC) derived from EFG tensors at H atoms is 182 +/- 17 kHz, also in excellent agreement with independent measurements. The strategy employed in this work may be of more general applicability for future accurate electron density studies.
|Keywords:||Benzene, Electric field gradient, Isotope effects, Quadrupole moment, X-ray diffraction.|
|Full text:||Full text not available from this repository.|
|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20020802)8:15<3512::AID-CHEM3512>3.0.CO;2-Z|
|Record Created:||12 Apr 2007|
|Last Modified:||08 Apr 2009 16:29|
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