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Crystal and molecular structures of the nido-carborane anions, 7,9- and 2,9-C2B9H12.

Fox, M. A. and Goeta, A. E. and Hughes, A. K. and Johnson, A. L. (2002) 'Crystal and molecular structures of the nido-carborane anions, 7,9- and 2,9-C2B9H12.', Journal of the Chemical Society : Dalton transactions., 10 . pp. 2132-2141.


Deboronation of meta-carborane, closo-1,7-C2B10H12, with refluxing piperidine results in the quantitative formation of [(C5H10NH)(2)H+](nido-7,9-C2B9H12-) whose structure was determined by X-ray diffraction. Heating under vacuum liberates piperidine to give (C5H10NH2+)(nido-7,9-C2B9H12-). The reaction of meta-carborane with KOH in refluxing ethanol yields K+ nido-7,9-C2B9H12- and the cage substituted anion 10-EtO-7,9-C2B9H11-. The protonated Proton Sponge salt (PSH+)(nido-7,9-C2B9H12-) (PS=1,8-N,N,N',N'-tetramethylnaphthalenediamine) was obtained by metathesis from the potassium salt, an X-ray crystallographic study located the bridging hydrogen in the anion on the open face between the two adjacent boron atoms. Anaerobic deboronation of para-carborane, closo-1,12-C2B10H12, with KOH in refluxing tetraglyme-toluene gives the potassium salt of nido-2,9-C2B9H12- from which 2,9-C2B9H13 was isolated in 45% yield by protonation. The salt (PSH+)(nido-2,9-C2B9H12-), obtained from nido-2,9-C2B9H13 and PS, was shown by single crystal X-ray crystallography to contain a hydrogen bridging two boron atoms opposite the carbon atom on the open face. Aerobic deboronation of para-carborane with KOH forms closo-1,10-C2B8H10 and 2-HO-closo-1,10-C2B8H9 in low yields. Fully assigned multinuclear NMR (B-11,C-13 and H-1) data are reported for the isomeric 7,8-, 7,9- and 2,9-nido-C2B9H12- anions and neutral 7,8- and 2,9-C2B9H13, and compared with computed shifts (at the GIAO B3LYP/6-311G* level) from optimized (at MP2/6-31G*) geometries.

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Record Created:12 Apr 2007
Last Modified:20 Nov 2014 10:44

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