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Entrepreneurship in tourism firms : a mixed-methods analysis of performance driver configurations.

Kallmuenzer, A. and Kraus, S. and Peters, M. and Steiner, J. and Cheng, C.-F. (2019) 'Entrepreneurship in tourism firms : a mixed-methods analysis of performance driver configurations.', Tourism management., 74 . pp. 319-330.


Tourism firms’ financial performance is determined by a complex interplay of factors, both internal and external to the firm. Predominant internal factors are their entrepreneurial behavior and financial resources. External factors refer to the network of actors contributing to the tourism product as well as market and competitive uncertainties. Employing fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) on quantitative data from a survey of 113 owner-managers of small and medium-sized tourism firms from Austria, this study investigates configurations of factors that lead to high firm performance. Results reveal six different configurations, which can be grouped into high or low environmental uncertainty settings and highlight the relevance of multidimensional Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO), financial endowment, and personal and professional networks. Using a sequential mixed-methods approach, 13 qualitative follow-up interviews with owner-managers from the sample help to gain deeper insights into the identified configurations and to formulate successful paths to higher tourism firm performance.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 20 April 2021.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
File format - PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2019 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Date accepted:08 April 2019
Date deposited:16 September 2019
Date of first online publication:20 April 2019
Date first made open access:20 April 2021

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