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Cognitive flexibility as a meta-competency : flexibilidad cognitiva como meta-competencia.

Yu, Calvin and Beckmann, Jens F. and Birney, Damian P. (2019) 'Cognitive flexibility as a meta-competency : flexibilidad cognitiva como meta-competencia.', Estudios de psicología., 40 (3). pp. 563-584.


There exists a large body of research that has studied cognitive flexibility as an executive function assessed through shifting and set-switching tasks. This approach has been criticized as overly narrow and reductionist, thereby undermining the relevance of cognitive flexibility beyond tightly controlled cognitive tasks. In light of such limitations, we review the extant literature and reflect on the understanding of cognitive flexibility as (1) an cognitive approach to novelty processing and (2) as a conative disposition towards novelty. We present a theoretical model of cognitive flexibility as a meta-competency reflected in adaptive performance which emerges as a strategic response to novelty in dynamic environments. This meta-competency draws on a confluence of cognitive and conative variables that are actively and adaptively harnessed by an individual under specific circumstances.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 28 October 2020.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
File format - PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Estudios de Psicología on 28 October 2019, available online:
Date accepted:13 August 2019
Date deposited:28 October 2019
Date of first online publication:28 October 2019
Date first made open access:28 October 2020

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