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Inter-individual differences in intra-individual variability in personality within and across contexts.

Beckmann, Nadin and Birney, Damian P. and Beckmann, Jens F. and Wood, Robert E. and Sojo, Victor and Bowman, David (2020) 'Inter-individual differences in intra-individual variability in personality within and across contexts.', Journal of research in personality., 85 . p. 103909.


This study focuses on intra-individual variability in personality at work, and how it relates to job performance. 288 professionals completed contextualised adjective-based personality assessments in work and non-work contexts, and a non-contextualised personality measure. Ratings of their personality were also obtained from colleagues, family members and friends. Supervisors provided performance ratings for 130 participants. Results indicate that personality is context- and source-dependent, and varies systematically within contexts intra-individually regardless of source. Whilst this variability was predictive of some performance criteria when based on other-ratings, overall predictive effects were small in number and size. This study adds to the relatively small body of research on personality variability and performance and contributes to the conceptualisation of personality as a dynamic construct.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 17 December 2021.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
File format - PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2019 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Date accepted:16 December 2019
Date deposited:20 December 2019
Date of first online publication:17 December 2019
Date first made open access:17 December 2021

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