Mersini, L. and Bastero-Gil, M. and Kanti, P. (2001) 'Relic dark energy from trans-Planckian regime.', Physical review D : particles and fields., 64 (4). p. 43508.
As yet, there is no underlying fundamental theory for the trans-Planckian regime. There is a need to address the issue of how the observables in our present Universe are affected by processes that may have occurred at super-Planckian energies (referred to as the trans-Planckian regime). Specifically, we focus on the impact the trans-Planckian regime has on two observables: namely, dark energy and the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) spectrum. We model the trans-Planckian regime by introducing a 1-parameter family of smooth non-linear dispersion relations which modify the frequencies at very short distances. A particular feature of the family of dispersion functions chosen is the production of ultralow frequencies at very high momenta k (for k>MP). We name the range of the ultralow energy modes (of very short distances) that have frequencies equal to or less than the current Hubble rate H0 as the tail modes. These modes are still frozen today due to the expansion of the Universe. We calculate their energy today and show that the tail provides a strong candidate for the dark energy of the Universe. During inflation, their energy is about 122 to 123 orders of magnitude smaller than the total energy, for any random value of the free parameter in the family of dispersion relations. For this family of dispersions, we present the exact solutions and show that the CMBR spectrum is that of a (nearly) blackbody, and that the adiabatic vacuum is the only choice for the initial conditions.
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.64.043508|
|Record Created:||26 Feb 2008|
|Last Modified:||15 Mar 2011 12:03|
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