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Potential of enzyme mimics in biomimetic sensors : a modified-cyclodextrin as a dehydrogenase enzyme mimic.

Kataky, R. and Morgan, E. (2003) 'Potential of enzyme mimics in biomimetic sensors : a modified-cyclodextrin as a dehydrogenase enzyme mimic.', Biosensors & bioelectronics., 18 (11). pp. 1407-1417.


This paper reports the application of a dehydrogenase enzyme mimic as a biomimetic sensor. The model compound investigated was a beta-cyclodextrin (P-CD) derivative with a nicotinamide group attached to the secondary face of a P-CD (Fig. 1g). It was envisaged that the nicotinamide group would act as the electron transfer agent and that the cyclodextrin would provide a suitable hydrophobic cavity for the reaction to take place in. Ethanol, propranalol, dopamine and acetone were used as substrates in backgrounds of hydrophilic and hydrophobic anions. Electrochemical and fluorescence techniques were used to study the catalytic effects in solution. It was found that the size of the analyte and the hydrophobicity of the anion affected the catalytic activity of the dehydrogenase mimic. Catalytic effects were most enhanced with ethanol and dopamine in presence of larger and more strongly SO42- solvated anions, SO42- and H2PO4- which are excluded from the cavity. The molecule was also immobilised in a sol-gel matrix and investigated as a sol-gel electrochemical biomimetic sensor. Concentration dependence with increasing aliquots of ethanol was observed. These results indicated that a re-usable biomimetic sensor is indeed feasible.

Item Type:Article
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Record Created:11 May 2007
Last Modified:22 Sep 2010 15:37

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