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Hydron transfer catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase : products of isomerization of (R)-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate in D2O.

O'Donoghue, A.C. and Amyes, T.L. and Richard, J.P. (2005) 'Hydron transfer catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase : products of isomerization of (R)-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate in D2O.', Journal of the American Chemical Society., 44 (7). pp. 2610-2621.


The product distributions for the reactions of (R)-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP) in D2O at pD 7.5-7.9 catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from chicken and rabbit muscle were determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Three products were observed from the reactions catalyzed by TIM: dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) from isomerization with intramolecular transfer of hydrogen (49% of the enzymatic products), [1(R)-2H]-DHAP from isomerization with incorporation of deuterium from D2O into C-1 of DHAP (31% of the enzymatic products), and [2(R)-2H]-GAP from incorporation of deuterium from D2O into C-2 of GAP (21% of the enzymatic products). The similar yields of [1(R)-2H]-DHAP and [2(R)-2H]-GAP from partitioning of the enzyme-bound enediol(ate) intermediate between hydron transfer to C-1 and C-2 is consistent with earlier results, which showed that there are similar barriers for conversion of this intermediate to the -hydroxy ketone and aldehyde products (Knowles, J. R., and Albery, W. J. (1977) Acc. Chem. Res. 10, 105-111). However, the observation that the TIM-catalyzed isomerization of GAP in D2O proceeds with 49% intramolecular transfer of the 1H label from substrate to product DHAP stands in sharp contrast with the 6% intramolecular transfer of the 3H label from substrate to product GAP reported for the TIM-catalyzed reaction of [1(R)-3H]-DHAP in H2O (Herlihy, J. M., Maister, S. G., Albery, W. J., and Knowles, J. R. (1976) Biochemistry 15, 5601-5607). The data show that the hydron bound to the carboxylate side chain of Glu-165 in the TIM-enediol(ate) complex is not in chemical equilibrium with those of bulk solvent.

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Record Created:16 May 2007
Last Modified:21 Oct 2015 14:23

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