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Early and middle pleistocene vegetation history of the Medoc region, southwest France.

O'Brien, C. E. and Jones, R. L. (2003) 'Early and middle pleistocene vegetation history of the Medoc region, southwest France.', Journal of quaternary science., 18 (6). pp. 557-579.


Pleistocene deposits, together with their pollen, plant macrofossil, foraminiferal, dinoflagellate and coleopteran remains, from five sites along the Atlantic coast of the Medoc Peninsula are described and discussed. Sediments making up the Negade Formation are shown to have been laid down under either estuarine or lagoonal conditions when closed Quercus-Pinus-Tsuga canadensis regional woodland existed. Comparison with plant records from The Netherlands indicates that these deposits are most likely attributable to either the Early Pleistocene Bavel Interglacial (marine oxygen isotope stage (MIS) 31), or an interglacial of the Waalian (MIS 37-49) or Tiglian (MIS 63-79). In addition, clays assigned to the Argiles du Gurp sensu stricto, were similarly deposited in either an estuary or lagoon, which subsequently was cut off from the sea. A freshwater lake with vegetation dominated by Azolla filiculoides then developed. This was succeeded by reedswamp and an organic mud (termed Lignite in the corresponding French stratigraphical records) formed. Regional Quercus-Abies woodland was replaced by one with Pinus dominant and Pterocarya a minor component. Comparison with plant records from France and other parts of Europe suggest that the clays and organic mud might be correlated with the Holsteinian (Praclaux) Interglacial (MIS 11c).

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:
Keywords:Early and Middle Pleistocene interglacials (MIS 11 and 22-79), Pollen, Plant macrofossils, France.
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Record Created:21 May 2007
Last Modified:08 Apr 2009 16:32

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