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Phylogeny and ancient DNA of Sus provides insights into neolithic expansion in Island Southeast Asia and Oceania.

Greger, L. and Cucchi, T. and Fujita, M. and Matisoo-Smith, E. and Robins, J. and Anderson, A. and Rolett, B. and Spriggs, M. and Dolman, G. and Kim, T-H. and Dieu Thuy, N. T. and Randi, E. and Doherty, M. and Due, R. A. and Bollt, R. and Djubiantono, T. and Griffin, B. and Intoh, M. and Keane, E. and Kirch, P. and Li, K-T. and Morwood, M. and Pedri, L. M. and Piper, P. J. and Rabett, R. J. and Shooter, P. and Van den Bergh, G. and West, E. and Wickler, S. and Yuan, J. and Cooper, A. and Dobney, K. (2007) 'Phylogeny and ancient DNA of Sus provides insights into neolithic expansion in Island Southeast Asia and Oceania.', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America., 104 (12). pp. 4834-4839.


Human settlement of Oceania marked the culmination of a global colonization process that began when humans first left Africa at least 90,000 years ago. The precise origins and dispersal routes of the Austronesian peoples and the associated Lapita culture remain contentious, and numerous disparate models of dispersal (based primarily on linguistic, genetic, and archeological data) have been proposed. Here, through the use of mtDNA from 781 modern and ancient Sus specimens, we provide evidence for an early human-mediated translocation of the Sulawesi warty pig (Sus celebensis) to Flores and Timor and two later separate human-mediated dispersals of domestic pig (Sus scrofa) through Island Southeast Asia into Oceania. Of the later dispersal routes, one is unequivocally associated with the Neolithic (Lapita) and later Polynesian migrations and links modern and archeological Javan, Sumatran, Wallacean, and Oceanic pigs with mainland Southeast Asian S. scrofa. Archeological and genetic evidence shows these pigs were certainly introduced to islands east of the Wallace Line, including New Guinea, and that so-called "wild" pigs within this region are most likely feral descendants of domestic pigs introduced by early agriculturalists. The other later pig dispersal links mainland East Asian pigs to western Micronesia, Taiwan, and the Philippines. These results provide important data with which to test current models for human dispersal in the region.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:
Keywords:Domestication, mtDNA, Pacific colonization, Phylogeography.
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Record Created:06 Apr 2009
Last Modified:06 Jul 2009 10:32

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