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Choking under pressure : when an additional positive stereotype affects performance for domain identified male mathematics students.

Rosenthal, H. E. S. and Crisp, R. J. (2007) 'Choking under pressure : when an additional positive stereotype affects performance for domain identified male mathematics students.', European journal of psychology of education., 22 (3). pp. 317-326.

Abstract

This research aimed to establish if the presentation of two positive stereotypes would result in choking under pressure for identified male mathematics students. Seventy-five 16 year old men, who had just commenced their AS-level study, were either made aware of their gender group membership (single positive stereotype), their school group membership (single positive stereotype) or both group memberships (dual stereotype) before being given a maths test. Analysis revealed that male students who studied maths (identified) underperformed in the dual stereotype condition, compared to both single stereotyped conditions, in line with the choking under pressure hypothesis. In comparison, no such effect was found for male non-maths students (disidentified), suggesting that choking under pressure only occurs for individuals for whom the group membership is important to their self-perception.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Special issue on social influence in education.
Keywords:Choking under pressure, Mathematics, Positive stereotypes, Stereotype lift, Threat.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03173429
Publisher statement:The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03173429.
Record Created:05 Jun 2007
Last Modified:07 Sep 2017 14:35

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