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The second generation problematic : rethinking democracy and civil-military relations.

Cottey, A. and Edmunds, T. P. and Forster, A. (2002) 'The second generation problematic : rethinking democracy and civil-military relations.', Armed forces and society., 29 (1). pp. 31-56.


This article argues that a decade after the collapse of communism in central and eastern Europe, the establishment of democratic civil-military relations has moved on from first generation issues of institutional restructuring to second generation challenges relating to the democratic consolidation of these relationships. In practice, these have more to do with issues of state capacity-building and bureaucratic modernization with the traditional concerns of the civil-military relations literature. In most cases, the problem is not the establishment of civilian control over the armed forces or the separation of the military from politics, but rather that of the effective execution of democratic governance of the defense and security sector-particularly in relation to defense policy-making, legislative oversight and the effective engagement of civil-society in a framework of democratic legitimacy and accountability.

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Record Created:28 Jan 2009
Last Modified:08 Apr 2009 16:34

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