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An application driven comparison of depth perception on desktop 3D displays.

Holliman, N. S. and Froner, B. and Liversedge, S. P. (2007) 'An application driven comparison of depth perception on desktop 3D displays.', in Stereoscopic displays and virtual reality systems XIV. Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 64900H. Proceedings of SPIE. (6490).


Desktop 3D displays vary in their optical design and this results in a significant variation in the way in which stereo images are physically displayed on different 3D displays. When precise depth judgements need to be made these differences may become critical to task performance. Applications where this is a particular issue include medical imaging, geoscience and scientific visualization. We investigate perceived depth thresholds for four classes of desktop 3D display; full resolution, row interleaved, column interleaved and colour-column interleaved. Given the same input image resolution we calculate the physical view resolution for each class of display to geometrically predict its minimum perceived depth threshold. To verify our geometric predictions we present the design of a task where viewers are required to judge which of two neighboring squares lies in front of the other. We report results from a trial using this task where participants are randomly asked to judge whether they can perceive one of four levels of image disparity (0,2,4 and 6 pixels) on seven different desktop 3D displays. The results show a strong effect and the task produces reliable results that are sensitive to display differences. However, we conclude that depth judgement performance cannot always be predicted from display geometry alone. Other system factors, including software drivers, electronic interfaces, and individual participant differences must also be considered when choosing a 3D display to make critical depth judgements.

Item Type:Book chapter
Keywords:Interleaving patterns, Aliasing, Depth perception, Empirical evaluation, Stereoscopic displays.
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Publisher statement:N. S. Holliman, B. Froner, B and S.P. Liversedge. “An application driven comparison of depth perception on desktop 3D displays.”, Proceedings of SPIE : Stereoscopic displays and virtual reality systems XIV. A. J. Woods, N. A. Dodgson, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, I. E. McDowell, Editors, 64900, 64900H, (2007). Copyright 2007 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Record Created:10 Oct 2008
Last Modified:10 Mar 2017 11:20

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