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Historical ecology on Sandoy, Faroe Islands : palaeoenvironmental and archaeological perspectives

Lawson, I. T. and Church, M. J. and McGovern, T. H. and Arge, S. V. and Woollet, J. and Edwards, K. J. and Gathorne-Hardy, F. J. and Dugmore, A. J. and Cook, G. and Mairs, K.-A. and Thomson, A. M. and Sveinbjarnardóttir, G. (2005) 'Historical ecology on Sandoy, Faroe Islands : palaeoenvironmental and archaeological perspectives.', Human ecology., 33 (5). pp. 651-684.

Abstract

We present palaeoenvironmental, geomorphological, archaeological, and place-name data which allow a holistic assessment of the history of landscape change on Sandoy, Faroe Islands, especially in terms of the changes that occurred in response to the colonization of the island by humans. In contrast to other situations in the North Atlantic region, there is considerable continuity in the patterns and processes of landscape evolution across the initial settlement horizon. Many of the characteristic features of postsettlement North Atlantic landscapes - absence of trees, widespread blanket mires, high rates of soil erosion - were already in place when the first people arrived. Although human impact on Sandoy appears to have been light, conversely, the unusual environment forced major alterations of the subsistence economy imported by the colonists. Settlement-era archaeological records suggest that, from the start, patterns of resource use differed substantially from the regional norm, and these differences became amplified over time as the Faroese economy created a locally sustainable cultural landscape.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Norse, Human adaptation, Palaeoecology, Archaeology, Landnam.
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10745-005-7681-1
Record Created:03 Apr 2009
Last Modified:07 Oct 2014 09:26

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