Bridgland, D. R. and Philip, G. and Westaway, R. and White, M. (2003) 'A long quaternary terrace sequence in the Orontes River Valley, Syria : a record of uplift and of human occupation.', Current science., 84 (8). pp. 1080-1089.
Mapping in the Homs region of Syria has revealed a hitherto unrecognized staircase of at least 12 gravel terraces of the upper Orontes River. The terrace gravels overlie Pliocene lacustrine marl and have been calcareously cemented into conglomerates, sometimes interbedded with cemented fine-grained alluvium. A tentative dating scheme, based on modelling the regional-scale surface uplift that has driven fluvial incision of ~ 400 m since the latest Miocene, and incorporating correlation with the dated terraces in the valley of the middle Orontes using height above the river, envisages terrace formation spanning at least the last 1.2 Ma.
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