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Defamilisation and welfare state regimes : a cluster analysis

Bambra, C. (2007) 'Defamilisation and welfare state regimes : a cluster analysis.', International journal of social welfare., 16 (4). pp. 326-338.


The role of gender as a source of social stratification within and between welfare states is increasingly being paid attention to in the welfare state regimes debate. Defamilisation has emerged as a potentially important concept in this context, as it enables the comparison and classification of welfare states in terms of how they facilitate female autonomy and economic independence from the family. However, the methodology used or the understanding of the concept, limits existing defamilisation typologies. These typologies have therefore been unable to provide an accurate examination of welfare state variation using this concept and indeed, have in some ways undermined and devalued the usefulness of defamilisation. This paper uses cluster analysis to build upon previous research and resurrect the concept of defamilisation. In contrast to existing work in this area, the analysis produces a five-fold typology of welfare state regimes. This typology differs in many ways from existing models of welfare state regimes, although some core countries emerge as regime ideal types. The paper concludes by reflecting on the broader implications of cluster analysis, and defamilisation, for welfare state modelling and future research in this area.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Typologies, Cluster analysis, Gender, Welfare state regimes, Defamilisation.
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Record Created:07 Nov 2008
Last Modified:26 Oct 2011 09:28

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